What Are the Different Types Of Fishing Lures (Explained For Beginners)

You know how successful fishing lures can be if you’ve ever used one to catch fish. For those who are unfamiliar, a fishing lure is a form of artificial fishing bait used to attract fish. The different types of fishing lures are available in various shapes, sizes, and colors, each designed to attract a specific type of fish. Of course, what works for one fish might not work for another. The most popular option to live to bait is to use a fishing lure.

In this post, we’ll go over the different types of fishing lures and applications for which they’re most commonly employed to help you determine which ones are right for you. Before discussing many types of fishing lures, let’s look at some of the advantages and disadvantages of utilizing them against live bait.

Basic Information About Fishing Lure

What is a Fishing Lure?

A fishing lure is a small artificial fishing bait used to catch fish. Magnets feature prey-like looks and brilliant colors and produce vibrations to appeal to a fish’s predatory instincts. Because different fishing lures imitate other prey, you may target certain species with greater precision. When fishing lures are used in the following situations, they are most effective:

  • The weather is pleasant.
  • The water is evident.
  • Using aggressive and predatory fish as a target
  • ‘Fly and lure only,’ or ‘artificial only,’ fishing in a designated ‘fly and lure only,’ or ‘artificial only’ zone.

What is the advantage of using fishing lures?

  • When compared to live bait, lures allow you to cast further.
  • It’s less messy to use lures than it is to use live bait.
  • Because the fish are less likely to swallow the entire hook, lures are ideal for capture and release.
  • Using lures lets you target a species more precisely.
  • Lures may readily be swapped out.

What is the disadvantage of using fishing lures?

  • Lures are more costly than live bait in general.
  • Lures can tangle underwater structures.
  • Using lures need continual movement to attract fish.
  • Some lures take the ability to utilize efficiently, making it more difficult for novices.
  • In more tremendous seas, lures are less successful than bait.

The 12 most common varieties of fishing lures

  • Crankbaits/Plugs
  • Jigs
  • Topwater lures
  • Swimbaits
  • Inline spinners
  • Spoons
  • Soft plastic baits
  • Blade baits
  • Spinnerbaits
  • Chatterbaits
  • Flies
  • Buzzbaits

Crankbaits/Plugs

The bait’s depth is determined by the lip, which is placed at the front of the appeal. Lips with a greater angle of attack swim faster. Lipless crankbaits are ideal for fishing in dense vegetation and the cold. The body looks like a fish and features brilliant shiny colors to attract fish. Some crankbaits contain rattling sounds useful for fishing in murky water with limited vision.

Shallow (or square) crankbaits, medium crankbaits, and deep-diving are the three varieties of crankbaits. During the late autumn and early spring, shallow crankbaits are the greatest for capturing species like bass in shallow waters. When the temperature is warmer, medium crankbaits are ideal for catching early pre-spawn bass (40-50 F). During the summer, fish such as bass migrate to deeper waters. Bass, walleye, pike, trout, and crappie are all predatory fish that may be detected with crankbaits. You’ll need the right fishing pole to be very successful with crankbaits.

Jigs

Jigs are made up of three parts: a hook, a collar, and the dressing. Jig hooks come in a variety of lengths, which determines their use. Short themes are great for live minnows, whereas long clips are better for lizard bodies or soft-plastic captures. There are six different types:

  • Flipping jigs: Bass jigs are another name for them, and they’re great for capturing small and largemouth bass. The clothing can be a live rubber or silicone skirt with some hair knotted around it, and they weigh between 38 ounces and 1 ounce.
  • Swim jigs: As the name implies, they’re winding jigs that float discretely on water. Swim jigs feature a bullet-shaped head that allows them to slither about and weigh 14-12 ounces.
  • Weedless jigs: They’re the best when employing live bait in cover. Weedless jigs are composed of wire or plastic and include a guard to keep them from getting trapped in the bush or weeds.
  • Football jigs are ideal for catching fish in rivers with rough bottoms. Pigskin-shaped heads on football jigs allow you to roll over rocks without getting trapped in cracks.
  • Finesse jigs: Their modest size (3/16-1/4 ounce) makes them ideal for capturing little fish in cold water.
  • Soft plastic dressed jigs: These are available in various colors, forms, and smells. Because the tail vibrations mirror a baitfish’s, anglers catch freshwater game fish like the curly tail grub.

Topwater lures

Because bass eats vigorously near the surface throughout the summer, topwater lures are highly popular for bass fishing. Poppers and frogs are the most frequent topwater lures, and they come in a range of sizes and forms. These lures have only one thing in common: they float and are fished across the water’s surface to elicit strikes from bass, trout, or pike.

Swimbaits

Swimbaits have a body intended to give them a particular activity when dragged through the water, with paddle tail swimbaits wriggling their tail during retrieval being the most prevalent. There are also hard body swimbaits, which are generally exceptionally huge and are excellent lures for catching trophy bass, pike, and muskie. 

Hard-bodied and soft body swimbaits are the two primary varieties of swimbaits. However, each category is further split into subgroups, resulting in a significantly diversified category of swimbaits. The four most prevalent forms of swimbaits are seen in the figure above (soft-bodied, hard-bodied, paddle tail, and glide bait). 

  • Hardbody swimbait subtypes:

Multi-jointed swimbaits (with 2 to 10 joints)

Single-jointed swimbaits (called glide baits)

  • Soft body swimbait subtypes: 

Paddle tail

Wedgetail

Split tail

Inline spinners

The inline spinner was invented specifically for trout fishing, and it is still one of the most effective trout lures. Inline spinners are excellent lures for capturing bass, pike, and muskie in addition to trout.

Spoons

Spoons are among the oldest fishing lures, going back to the 1840s, and they’re still helpful today. This is owing to their one-of-a-kind design, which looks like a spoon without a handle. Fishing spoons are rectangular with a loop on one end for line attachment and a treble hook. These fishing lures work best in clear water because they appeal to a fish’s sense of sight. They’re frequently brightly colored, like gold, silver, or bronze. On one side, some fishing spoons feature a vibrant design and a shiny metallic surface. Their iron composition also helps them withstand the biting jaws of fish. 

The spoon’s shape and thickness usually determine the degree of vibration. Long fishing spoons have a wider side-to-side wobbling than short fishing spoons. Large spoons are used to capture salmon, bass, muskies, and pike, while little spoons are better for catching stream trout or perch.

Soft plastic baits

Soft plastics are more popular as fishing lures than hard baits like plugs and spinnerbaits because they feel more natural. To imitate natural bait, they come in various colors and forms (worms, frogs, insects, grubs, and lizards). The most prevalent kinds are as follows:

  • Worms: These lures come in various lengths and tails, including straight, paddle, curl, vibe, and other styles. The seat pulls the bait from the river’s bottom and gives it a lifelike motion.
  • Creatures: These lures look like lizards and other non-swimming animals. They are the most effective when rigging, sight fishing, pitching in remote regions, and under scant cover.
  • Toads: When fishing in thick foliage, these lures are ideal. They feature a flat, broad body with two kicking legs at the back to resemble a genuine frog. Use an offset worm hook or a double-pronged toad hook with the bait to get the most outstanding results.
  • Baitfish: To simulate forage fish, they come in various colors and sizes. It’s advisable to identify the baitfish prevalent in the waters first, then choose a color and profile size that matches.

Blade baits

The eye for connecting the line is located on the rear of blade baits, which explains why they were built for vertical fishing. Blade baits have gained appeal among bass fishers who employ them in the open water season, but they are still among the finest ice fishing lures for walleye and pike.

Spinnerbaits

Spinnerbaits are lures with one or more metal blades that spin to produce vibration and imitate minnows and other baitfish. As long as the water temperature does not drop below 60 degrees, spinnerbaits are most successful in the spring, summer, and fall months. They, like plugs, can be utilized in a variety of settings, including:

  • Rocky shorelines: Fish like the black bass and the walleye prefer to live in rocky places. This fish may be caught by throwing spinner bait up and down near a rocky beach.
  • Boat docks: Bass and other predatory fish hide beneath docks, ready to attack unsuspecting victims. Spinnerbaits are excellent fish baits to employ in such situations if you wish to capture them and other giant gamefish.
  • Coves: Because they branch off the main lake or river regions, they are excellent hideouts for many sorts of fish. When fishing in coves, spinnerbaits are the most excellent all-around lures.

Chatterbaits

Chatterbaits are an excellent addition to any angler’s arsenal and are ideal for making an aggressive presentation. They’re essentially a better jig meant to outperform square bills and spinnerbaits. They have a bigger hexagonal blade that increases vibration while maintaining the soft plastic movement that most jigs are known for. They’re also the best for fishing in the following areas:

  • Thick vegetation like weed beds: Chatterbaits are used to catch fish by gliding through the foliage. These lures are ideal for catching snakeheads in densely forested regions. They vibrate like spinners and swim like crankbaits when connected with a single hook.
  • Clearwater (below 60 F): When fishing for bass in clear water, they come in helpful. Chatter baits may come to your rescue if the bass is too passive for spinnerbaits.
  • Dirty water: They’re also quite effective when fishing in murky water.

Flies

The best fishing lures for fly fishing are flies. The magnets are designed to look like flies and other natural feeds and may be used to catch both tiny and large fish. To fool the intended game into thinking they are real insects, most flies are composed of artificial materials like fur, hair, and feathers. Some kinds of lures you utilize are also determined by flies’ life cycles. Among the other sorts of fly fish flies are:

  • Streamers: They’re similar to nymphs, but they’re bigger and resemble hatching insects. Unlike larvae, which float in the water, streamers are attached to fly lines and float. The idea is to simulate the movement of a natural organism to entice fish to catch it.
  • Terrestrial bugs: These are dry flies that are used to capture trout. They appear more lifelike to fish because they mimic floating creatures like grasshoppers.
  • Attractors: To travel through water, they employ gleaming materials, vivid colors, and lengthy rubber parts rather than flying. The goal is to entice fish into capturing the fly before they understand it isn’t food.

Buzzbaits

Without the correct fishing lure, topwater fishing can be difficult. Buzzbaits are ideal for such situations since they are weedless and can swiftly cover large water areas. Largemouth bass, for example, is attracted to them because of their propensity to displace vast volumes of water. Anglers have traditionally employed them when fish rise to the surface in search of food throughout the summer months. Buzzbaits, on the other hand, are used all year by contemporary anglers. Fall is another fantastic season to catch fish on shallow flats and around the shorelines.

Only two colors should be considered, like with other topwater baits. White buzz baits are preferable if you’re fishing in clear water since they mimic the bottom of most tricks (mouse, frog, lizard, etc.). Because bass can’t see, dark-colored buzzbaits are better when fishing in murky water.

How do you choose a fishing lure?

The following three aspects must be considered while selecting a fishing lure:

  • What kind of animal are you going after?
  • Where do they eat in the water column?
  • What are they consuming?

For instance, if you’re attempting to capture bass in a pond during the summer, you can bet they’ll be eating on tiny fish, amphibians, and other animals near the water’s surface. Topwater baits would be an excellent choice in this situation.

What is the most accessible lure to fish?

Crankbaits and inline spinners are the easiest lures to fish because they produce their activity in the water when you retrieve the lure. As a result, all you have to do to get fish to eat these lures is cast them out and retrieve them.

What are the best types of fishing lures for bass?

The following are the top bass fishing lures:

  • Crankbaits/Plugs
  • Jigs
  • Soft plastic baits
  • Topwater lures
  • Swimbaits
  • Spinnerbaits

The ideal lure for bass fishing on any given day varies depending on the season, the bass, and what they’re eating. When the bass is chasing schools of shad in the autumn, one of the finest lures to use is swimbaits that mimic shad, which may be fished around the border of the zones where shad schools congregate.

Conclusion

When it comes to choosing which sorts of fishing lures to use, there are several alternatives. Make sure you acquire the best fishing lure for the species you’re attempting to capture by doing some research. Check out our fishing gear buying guidelines and reviews to assist you in navigating and selecting the best fishing tackle. The most excellent strategy to increase your catch is to match the correct fishing lure to your target conditions and species.

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