8 Parts Of A Spinning Reel (Quick Guide For Beginners)

Choosing a good spinning reel is a challenge due to its complex structure. Yet, never should you underestimate the importance of a spinning reel since it plays a critical role in helping you catch your desired amount of fish. 

For those who want to spend money wisely, this article will provide some helpful information and insights into the main parts of a spinning reel, so you know how to choose the best one

What Is A Spinning Reel?

A spinning reel is a fishing rod device used in stowing and winding lines. It is perfect for the fisherman at a beginner’s level because of its easy use and versatility. 

They work well with lures and smaller baits and are suitable for a wide range of species and habitats. However, when you load spinners with heavier lures and lines, their performance begins to drop pretty noticeably.

8 Main Parts Of A Spinning Reel

Having a good understanding of these parts can help you when trouble arises. Outer reel parts include a handle, body (frame), spool, drag adjustment knob, bail arm, line roller, foot, anti-reverse.


One of the most crucial parts of a spinning reel is the reel handle. Handle purpose is for you to hold whenever you use that device. The majority of the reels have both options of left-hand and right-hand, so it is comfortable for everyone using it. 

Some handles have rubber grips to avoid slippage, yet most reel handles are made from aluminum or graphite (the same materials as the housing). As a result, all of them can bear the turning pressure. 

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The reel body is a central part that can hold all of the features together. Usually, it is made from graphite, aluminum, or a combination of those materials. The one made from aluminum is stronger and more resilient, while a graphite reel body is lighter.

Furthermore, here is a tip: choosing the lighter spinning reel that is more comfortable to hold for a long time.


The spool is a spinning reel part that holds the fishing line. It’s also the part that can affect the success rate of bringing fish in. Generally, like handles and bodies, spool reels are frequently made from aluminum or graphite.

However, one thing you should notice is the friction created when the spool is too rigid. That situation will inevitably cause the breakage of the fishing line.

Drag adjustment knob

The drag adjustment knob is a spinning reel part near the handle. This knob allows the angler to turn it to increase or decrease friction (drag) on the line.

This component plays a significant role when fighting with a fish trying to swim away. Therefore, choosing a good drag system will let you adjust it quickly, and the line also goes out evenly and smoothly.

Learn how to set up a drag adjustment system

Bail arm

Bail is a wire-like part next to the reel spool having a semicircular shape. Its purpose is to help the fishing line to reel in or release from the reel spool.

In addition, you can quickly flip up and down the bail for casting and reeling positions by hand. That is why spinning reels are suitable for beginners.

Line roller

Overall, the line roller is a small, round part on bail. When reeling, the fishing line will touch this part. Therefore, the roller is essential to lessen friction and make that line move gently. Another use of the roller is to eliminate line twists by pushing possible twists forward toward the line’s working end. 


The reel foot is the reel upper part made of the same material as graphite or aluminum. It is also the bridging point connecting the spinning reel with the rod.

Moreover, to withstand the vibration and pressure while fishing, the reel foot must completely fit its body. However, there’s sometimes leeway in terms of how tight the actual is. So before deciding to buy a spinning reel, you should ensure the one you choose will fit your rod and read the instructions carefully.


The reel part engages the drag and prevents it from turning backward, called anti-reverse. When you turn this switch off, you can reel in reverse instead of relying on the drag system for line tension. Anti-reverse works more effectively with lighter fishes than a drag system. 

In fact, some manufacturers ignore this feature on their reels, significantly more expensive ones. Because it can be a weak point for water and dirt to enter the device, and it does not help fight large fish.

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The above list is 8 main parts of a spinning reel you should take into consideration before buying one to catch some fish. Under any circumstances, remember to look through their features and choose products from reputable manufacturers. Happy hunting!

See more: Best Spinning Reel Under $100 (Top 9 Spinning Reels For Fishing)